An allergy to wool or pollen is understandable. Indeed, in each case, the reaction of the body provokes a certain allergen. And it happens that there is no allergen as such, but the allergy itself is. A vivid confirmation of this is a pseudo-allergic reaction to the effects of low temperatures, which doctors finally recognized and called cold allergies.
This review will be useful to people who, with the onset of winter, experience skin and breathing problems. It is likely that you have a cold allergy, and you can quite successfully deal with it.
Causes of cold allergies
Have you noticed that all people react differently to the cold? Some go out in the cold and do not blush, do not suffocate, they do not leak from the nose. They may be cold, but this does not manifest itself. And others become covered with red spots in five minutes. The whole point is a violation of the exchange of histamine, which causes a negative reaction of the body.
According to studies, cold allergies develop for the following reasons:
● spasm of capillaries under the influence of low temperatures reduces blood supply to tissues, which provokes the development of inflammation;
● metabolic disruption triggers the synthesis of specific proteins that the immune system recognizes as allergens. Hence the increase in the amount of free histamine;
● dry sensitive skin, devoid of natural protection, quickly loses moisture in the cold, which leads to the development of cold urticaria and dermatitis.
According to statistics, women have a cold allergy more often than men. Pathology manifests itself in different ways, but in each case it has some similar symptoms.
If a person has an allergy to cold, it will certainly make itself felt when it comes out of a frost in a warm room, when bathing in summer in cold water, drinking ice drinks and even ice cream.
You can determine your cold allergy by the following characteristic symptoms:
● when in contact with cold water or air, the skin in open areas of the body in the literal sense of the word begins to hurt, itch and blush. External manifestations are very similar to a nettle burn, so this form of allergy is called cold urticaria. Specialists consider the family cold urticaria, which is inherited, to be a separate type of pathology;
● rounded red rashes with a diameter of 2 to 5 cm, similar to lichen or eczema, are characteristic of cold dermatitis. The spots are very itchy, and after a while microcracks and crusts appear on the affected areas of the skin;
● cold rhinitis is a spontaneous runny nose that occurs every time in contact with low t and completely disappears when a person warms up;
● if the eyes are constantly sore and watery when entering the cold, the likelihood of developing cold conjunctivitis is high;
● cold form of bronchial asthma is a very common condition. Symptoms of a pathology can be shortness of breath, pulmonary rales, bluish skin in the nasolabial triangle.
Needless to say, with such symptoms a person experiences at least discomfort? When one or more manifestations of an allergy makes itself felt every time it comes in contact with cold air or water, the psyche begins to suffer, up to the development of neurosis and depression. Therefore, going to the allergist does not hurt.
Diagnosis of a cold allergy
In fairness, such an allergy often develops against the background of other diseases, for example, gastrointestinal tract organs, chronic infections, pathologies of the endocrine and immune system.
A qualified doctor will conduct a differential diagnosis, prescribe adequate therapy or send to another specialist to treat the root cause.
To confirm or refute the diagnosis of “cold allergy” allergists use special tests with ice, laboratory diagnostics, rhinoscopy, pharyngoscopy and other examinations. If the answer is yes, then therapy will be prescribed, individual for each patient.
Cold allergy treatments
As with any allergy, treatment of the disease requires the use of antihistamines, which are prescribed by a specialist. Depending on the severity, frequency of relapses and the characteristics of the course of the disease, therapy may include the following procedures and recommendations:
● taking medications that improve blood microcirculation;
● taking a course of autolymphocytotherapy (administering to the patient his own lymphocytes);
● hardening (for people with a mild form of pathology);
● taking infusions and decoctions of medicinal plants, such as burdock root and pine cones;
● a diet that includes fermented milk products, lean meat, vegetables, cereals and excludes fatty, spicy, salty.
In most cases, the implementation of the doctor’s prescriptions gives good results and, if not completely cured, helps to significantly improve the state of health during the cold season, as well as the overall quality of life.